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Glossary

Admission/Application essay is an important part of your application process since it helps the admission committee to see your personality and intentions and according to them decide whether you can be given a place at their institution. Your essay can tell them a story of your achievements or future plans, but it must be personal, focused and capturing the readers’ attention. You should explain why this educational establishment will help you achieve your goals, as well as how you will contribute to it. Such essays also help the admission committee to understand how you organize your thoughts and to see your personality.

Law school is an educational institution specializing in legal education with curricula meeting the requirements of the American Bar Association. Usually, such postgraduate program lasts 3 years and awards a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree.

Graduate school is an educational institution that awards Master’s, MBA and Ph.D. academic degrees. You can enter it only after you’ve earned a Bachelor’s degree. There you work on an advanced program of study focused on a particular academic discipline or a specific profession together with your adviser.

Medical school is an educational institution where medicine is taught; in addition, it can offer programs in order to obtain a Master’s Degree, Doctor of Philosophy, Bachelor/Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine.

Business school is an educational institution that awards degrees in Business Administration and includes schools of business, business administration, and management.

Four year college is an educational institution where you can complete an undergraduate studies program in order to get a Bachelor’s degree.

Institute of technologies is an educational institution with programs focusing on engineering, science and technology. Generally, it provides post-secondary training in technical and mechanical fields.

Admissions committee is a group of people who choose the best applicants to be taken into their institution. Their main task is to review the application materials and comment on the applicant’s qualifications.

Undergraduate program involves studying in Freshman-Senior courses in order to gain a Bachelor’s or Associate’s Degree. Usually, it takes you 4 years to get a Bachelor’s degree (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Social Work, Bachelor of Engineering, or Bachelor of Philosophy), though there are Five-Year Professional Architecture programs that offer the Bachelor of Architecture degree.

Postgraduate program involves studying for Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma, Master’s degree or Doctoral degree.

MBA or the Master of Business Administration is the most popular Master’s degree in business administration. There are several types of MBA programs:

  • Two-year (Full Time) MBA programs last approximately 18 months of term time and allow students to take classes during weekdays.
  • Accelerated MBA programs involve a higher course load, more intense classes and examination schedules.
  • Part-time MBA programs last for three years or more with classes being held on weekday evenings or on weekends.
  • Executive MBA (EMBA) programs are designed for students with high level of work experience and allow them to earn an MBA in two years or less while working full time.
  • Distance learning MBA programs hold classes via postal mail, email, video, live teleconference or videoconference, offline or online computer courses.

Bachelor’s degree is an academic degree awarded for an undergraduate course and is generally given after four years of studying.

Master’s degree is a type of academic degree, usually awarded after 2 years of full time study after the Bachelor’s degree. In addition to coursework, it sometimes entails completing of comprehensive exams and/or a thesis.

Doctoral degree is the highest academic degree that can take 4-8 years to complete and entails successful completion of pertinent classes, passing of a comprehensive examination, and defense of a dissertation.

Admission process for students is highly selective and is based upon a variety of factors; for this reason you should always remember that it includes some pre-application activities and the application process itself. In fact, it starts with your decision to apply to a defined college or school and ends after being successfully (we hope!) rolled into it.

Pre-application process starts when you are still at school with your decision to continue your further learning in a college or university. You should send inquiries at least 15 to 18 months before the proposed date of admission. Application forms can be downloaded from the university website or inquired via email or postal mail with the request containing a brief description of your educational background, academic objectives, source of financial support, English proficiency and standardized test scores. You should also remember that for admission to a college or university you need to complete twelve years of elementary and secondary education.

Academic records are usually to be submitted by students applying for a Bachelor’s program or another undergraduate course. The report form is filled by a school official and demonstrates your school experience in relation to your peers. It should also provide information about your accomplishments and predictions of your chances for success in university-level studies. Only forms in the English language or translated into it are accepted.

Standardized tests include SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) that is the most widely used college admission exam in the USA. There is SAT-I Reasoning Test (a three hour, primarily multiple-choice test that measures verbal and mathematical reasoning abilities), which is required by most educational institutions for admission, and SAT II Subject Tests (one hour, primarily multiple-choice tests that measure knowledge of particular subjects and ability to apply that knowledge). International students have to pass TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language).

Letter of recommendation is an important factor in your admission. Usually, it is a signed letter from a person who knows you well professionally or has taught you. Although some universities have their own format of letters of recommendations, generally such letters include author’s position, your qualities, as well as your ranking by the author.

Financial support isn’t usually taken into account when determining admission, though applicants are required to prove their financial ability to pay for the education. In case you want to apply for financial assistance, you should submit a financial aid application.

Brainstorming is an effective way of generating lots of ideas on a specific issue and then determining which idea is the best.

Literature research is a revision of existing material on a particular idea or phenomenon with the aim to get new ideas for further research in the field.

Thesis statement is a declarative sentence that makes something evident, e.g. your future plans. In an essay it serves as a starting point for your further speculation.

Outline is a plan of your admission essay, which should include your ideas, found at the stage of brainstorming.

Proofreading is a process of re-reading an essay in order to find errors. It should be done after the essay is ready.

Stylistics deals with language styles and should be taken into account since the style of your admission essay plays an important role in impressing the admission committee. Your essay should be written in the first person; you should use active voice instead of passive voice, and avoid slang.

Grammar is a system of language rules and should not be forgotten in the process of essay writing. Consult our section of grammar tips in order to see the most general grammar rules and consult grammar text-books for additional information.

Punctuation is utilization of standard marks and signs in writing to separate words into clauses, sentences, and phrases in order to make the meaning clear. Read our tips on punctuation usage if you are not confident in your knowledge before writing the essay.

Vocabulary (i.e. words used in your essay) can help the admission committee judge you without looking at your documents. It is a bad idea to use too sophisticated words, especially if you do not completely understand their meaning, but one-syllable simple words shouldn’t be used either. Show your comprehensive vocabulary, but don’t sound recondite.

Writer’s block is characterized by temporary loss of ability to begin or continue writing, usually due to lack of talent or skills or even time, which can happen to everyone at the most unseemly hours.

Plagiarism is the act of taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own. It is criticized and punished over the world. So, don’t try to present someone’s ideas in your essay. Be honest and write about your unique experience.

Motivation is your incentive. Without motivation it is almost impossible to set about writing your admission essay, thus, do your best to find the most appropriate motivation and achieve success.

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